As one of the most diverse and challenging industries, the construction industry places specific demands on a project manager in addition to dealing with changing environments, diverse teams and stakeholders, handling construction documentation and meeting timelines amongst other tasks that could vary with project types.
Despite the challenges in the construction industry, it is has been one of the most organised industries with systematic processes that interconnect from conception to delivering a project. One of the easiest ways to deliver a construction project is to manage it through its various stages that include the conception of a project, Design, Pre-construction, Procurement/contract, Construction, and post-construction stages. Each of these stages requires adequate coordination to ensure processes within stages are complete and planned to transition into successive stages. In fact, coordinating and transitioning through the stages create the challenges of staying within the project constraints as in time, cost, scope, quality, and methodology.
There are a few types of Construction projects which include Heavy projects (include dams, flood control projects, water treatment plants, Electricity power plant projects, dredging projects etc), Highway projects (include alteration, repair, or construction of roads, highway, bridges, runway etc), Building/Residential projects (include building houses, offices, apartments etc), Commercial and Institutional projects (include construction of hospitals, hotels, schools, stadium etc). Each project type has its peculiarities, and despite that, there are no two projects that are the same, no matter the conditions or location.
The success of any project is first dependent on a well-articulated project management plan, usually driven by a Project Manager. Some of the skills a construction project manager must possess may include but not limited to the use of project management software, human resource management, technical reporting and understanding construction blueprints, quality management, and stakeholder management, etc. Properly managed construction projects result in lower costs, completion of projects on time, and higher-quality structures.
The construction industry has a large profile of experts integrated into any single construction work. However, for the purpose of project management in the construction industry, it would be proper to streamline them to three key execution experts most needed during construction, and these include the Project Manager, the Project Engineer, and the Construction Manager. These three experts work hand-in-hand but the man in charge of the project from the point when a project charter is approved up to the post-construction stage (this as well refers to occupancy or operations stage) is the Project Manager. The Project Engineer and the Construction Manager are required to submit their reports to the Project Manager, who is in charge of the day-to-day progress of the project.